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Walter Borchers

No Photo Available

Victories : 63
-----------------------------
Country : Germany
Fought in : WW2
Fought for : Axis
Died : 16th March 1945

This pilot scored 5 or more victories during the Battle of Britain, 10th July - 31st October 1940.

Awarded the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross
Knights
Cross

Walter Borchers

Squadrons for : Walter Borchers
A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Walter Borchers. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.
SquadronInfo

JG51

Country : Germany
Founded : August 1939
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG51
JG51

Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II, named after the fighter ace Werner Mölders in 1942. JG 51's pilots won more Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes than any other Jagdgeschwader, and flew combat from 1939 in all major theatres of war. Flying Bf 109s and then FW 190s, the wing claimed over 8,000 air victories. Experten included 'Toni' Hafner, Heinz Bär, Richard Leppla, Karl-Gottfried Nordmann, Günther Schack and the legendary Mölders.

Formed in August 1939, and commanded by 48-year-old World War I ace Onkel Theo Osterkamp, the early months of the war JG 51 was based in the West, fighting in the French campaign, and in the Battle of Britain. From late June to mid July JG 51 was the only fighter Geschwader engaged against the RAF constantly. During the whole battle JG 51 lost 68 pilots, the highest casualty rate of the Luftwaffe fighter units engaged. JG 51 was one of the two Geschewader that had four Gruppen. The other being JG 1.

Four Bf 109 of JG 51 in France 1940Whilst based out of the Belgian airfield at Mardyik in late 1940, the German ace Josef Pips Priller was a Staffelkapitän with JG 51, flying Bf 109-E Yellow One. Josef Priller went on to score over 100 victories, the third highest scoring Luftwaffe day fighter ace on the Western Front, fighting solely against the Western Allies.

Against the Western Allies JG 51 had claimed 345 aircraft destroyed by May 1941. JG 51 were therefore one of the Jagdwaffe's elite units, with 'top ten' aces at this time including Werner Mölders with 68 claims, Walter Oesau with 34 claims, and Hermann-Friedrich Joppien with 31. Major Werner Mölders became unit Geschwaderkommodore during July 1940 and led the unit into the invasion of Russia in June 1941.

Barbarossa (1941)

Claiming 69 kills on the first day of the offensive, by 30 June 1941 JG 51 became the first fighter Geschwader to claim 1,000 air victories (113 kills in 157 sorties were claimed for the day). On 24 June JG 51 claimed 57 bombers shot down for the day. Mölders became the first fighter pilot to reach 100 claims in August and in the same month JG 51's Oberfeldwebel Heinz Bär reached 60 claims and was decorated with the Oak Leaves. A total of 500 Soviet claims was reached on 12 July 1941, although 6 pilots had been lost by JG 51 in the intervening 3 weeks since the offensive had started.

After Mölders' departure in September 1941 (and death later that year) the Geschwader adopted his name as a title of honor in early 1942. Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was to remain on the centre sector of the Russian front throughout the rest of 1941. However Oberstleutnant Friedrich Beckh ( one of the few fighter pilots to wear spectacles) proved an uncharismatic commander after Mölders, and it was not until Major Karl-Gottfried Nordmann took over in April 1942 that a worthy successor to Mölders was found. In the period 22 June - 5 December 1941 the unit destroyed 1,881 Soviet aircraft, in return for 84 losses in aerial combat and a single aircraft on the ground.

Air support for the Wehrmacht's Army Group Centre was entrusted to General Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen's VIII. Fliegerkorps. In early January 1942, among the fighter units available to von Richthofen were II, III and IV/ JG 51. With the onset of the sub-zero conditions of the Russian winter, the majority of JG 51's available aircraft became grounded.

The Russian winter counter offensive forced III./ JG 51 into flying numerous fighter-bomber operations in direct support of the infantry, and the gruppe filed few aerial 'kill' claims through January 1942. II./ JG 51 however, accounted for most of VIII. Fliegerkorps's aerial victories during the Soviet offensive. Particularly successful was the duo of Lt. Hans Strelow and Ofw. Wilhelm Mink, both of 5. JG 51. They claimed five MiG-3s of 16 IAP on 4 January (Mink claimed three) and 9 days later Mink claimed a Pe-2 and Strelow destroyed two R-Z biplanes for his 30th and 31st victories. On 4 February, Strelow increased his victories to 36 by shooting down four Russian aircraft. The 19 year-old Strelow claimed his 40th victory on 28 February and claimed 4 victories on both 6 March and 17 March. The next day he was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes and also shot down seven Soviet aircraft. He was awarded the Eichenlaub on 24 March, his claims total at 66.

Normandy (1944)

7./JG 51, (with Bf 109G-6's) was attached to II./JG 1 in May 1944 from Brest-Litovsk, with pilots arriving at Störmede late in May and hurriedly converting to the FW-190. (It was later renamed 8./JG 1 on 15 August 1944 when the four-Staffeln Gruppe became standard) 7. Staffel was led by Ritterkreuzträger (Knight's Cross winner) Hptm. Karl-Heinz Weber with 136 confirmed kills. Its two other experten were Lt. Friedrich Krakowitzer (23 kills) and Ofhr. Günther Heckmann with 12 kills.

7./JG 51 joined II. Gruppe with 15 pilots on strength at the end of May, and during the first two months of the Normandy campaign the staffel was decimated, with twelve pilots killed, one POW and one severely wounded.

As the war turned against Germany JG 51 was forced to operate closer and closer to Germany, finally staging out of East Prussia.

NJG1

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

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NJG1

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NJG3

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

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NJG3

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NJG5

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

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NJG5

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ZG76

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

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ZG76

Zerstörergeschwader 76 was formed on 1 May 1939 with the I. Gruppe and II. Gruppe without a Geschwaderstab. The II. Gruppe was initially equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and was known as Jagdgruppe 176. The Geschwaderstab was created on 15 April 1940 in Köln-Wahn. The III. Gruppe was raised on 26 June 1940 in Trier-Euren.

On 1 September 1939 Germany attacked Poland although bad weather initially precluded a large scale deployment of ZG 76. I./ZG 76 engaged Polish fighters formations and made their first claims, although also suffered their first losses. Future 'ace' Leutnant Helmut Lent participated in the attack on Poland, destroying several aircraft on the ground and a PZL P.11 fighter in the air on 2 September 1939 for his and (I./ZG 76) first victory. However, on 12 September, following the destruction of an aircraft on the ground he was attacked by another fighter and his starboard engine was hit and put out of action. This necessitated a forced-landing, fortunately behind his own lines, in which he received minor injuries.

On 29 September, I./ZG 76 was withdrawn to the Stuttgart area to provide Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich) against the Western Allied Air Forces. I./ZG 76 claimed 31 kills during the campaign, of which 19 were confirmed.

On 18 December 1939 the Royal Air Force sent a force of Vickers Wellingtons to raid Wilhelmshafen during the day. I./ZG 76 under Hptm. Gunther Reinecke, intercepted. Staffelkapitän of 2./ZG 76, Wolfgang Falck, and wingman Uffz. Heinz Fresia were the first to engage, claiming two Wellingtons each, though Falck's aircraft was hit by defending fire and he crash-landed on Wangerooge. Others of I./ZG 76 intercepted at intervals, unit claims totalling 15 Wellingtons shot down. The RAF lost 12, with total Luftwaffe unconfirmed claims being 38

Known Victory Claims - Walter Borchers

DATE

PILOT

UNIT

JG

CLAIMED

LOCATION

TIME

FRONT

17/05/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Morane-12.4Western Front
29/05/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Spitfire-14Western Front
08/06/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Hawk-75A-17.4Western Front
22/06/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Morane-17.5Western Front
15/08/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76SpitfireS. Salisbury: 3500m19.05Western Front
30/08/1940Ltn. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Hurricane-12.3Western Front
04/09/1940Oblt. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Spitfire10km S. London: 3500m14.1Western Front
04/09/1940Oblt. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Spitfire-14.05Western Front
04/09/1940Oblt. Walter Borchers4ZG 76Spitfire10km S. London: 3500m14.35Western Front
11/09/1940Oblt. Walter Borchers4ZG 76HurricaneS. Portsmouth: 4500-5000m17.05Western Front
03/03/1943Oblt. Walter Borchers8NJG 3Wellington1km W. Launsfert: 3500m [E. Emden]22.3Western Front
18/03/1943Oblt. Walter Borchers8NJG 3B-2450-100km NW Jädemündung: 6500m15.45Western Front
05/04/1943Oblt. Walter BorchersStab IV.NJG 1Wellington546 1D in See: 2900m [70km W. Terschelling]0.46Western Front
17/04/1943Oblt. Walter BorchersStab IV.NJG 1B-1705 Ost S/74/1 2G6: 20m13.52Western Front
24/08/1943Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5StirlingHelenau : 5300m [NE Berlin]1.14Western Front
01/09/1943Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5StirlingS. Berlin: 4500m0.5Western Front
04/09/1943Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5Lancaster20km SSE Neuruppin: 4300m0.45Western Front
09/10/1943Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5B-17--Western Front
16/12/1943Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5Lancaster10km NE Berlin: 5800m20.08Western Front
04/01/1944Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5B-24-12.45Western Front
05/01/1944Hptm. Walter BorchersStab III.NJG 5B-24-11.5Western Front
17/04/1944Hptm. Walter Borchers11JG 51Il-251 811: 30m9.2Eastern Front
25/05/1944Major Walter Borchers7NJG 515km W. Aachen: 4800m0.54Western Front
08/06/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 530km WSW Paris: 1300m2.31Western Front
08/06/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 535km W. Paris: 1300m2.29Western Front
08/06/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 530km W. Paris: 1300m2.21Western Front
25/06/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5QD: 3000m0.25Western Front
25/06/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5NB 3: 1000m0.48Western Front
05/07/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 505 Ost N/RE: 2000m [Amiens]1.5Western Front
16/07/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Châlons-sur-Marne: 1800m1.35Western Front
29/07/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5NW Stuttgart: 4000m1.58Western Front
15/10/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5PS-84SF-4: 1700m19.03Eastern Front
23/10/1944Major Walter BorchersStabNJG 5DB-3TL-1.7: 3000m18.09Eastern Front
14/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
14/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
14/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
15/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
15/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
15/01/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
08/02/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
08/02/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
08/02/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5Lancaster--Western Front
05/03/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5--Western Front
05/03/1945Oberstltn. Walter BorchersStabNJG 5--Western Front

Known Claims : 44

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 Ju 52s deploy German Paratroopers during the assault on Crete (operation Mercure) 1942. 

Falling Angels by Tim Fisher.
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 With his personal emblem of black and white fuselage band adorning his Fokker E.V, 153/18, Richard Wenzl briefly commanded Jasta 6, based at Bernes in August 1918, and claimed a modest 6 victories during his career with JG 1. The Fokker E.V was both fast and manoeuvrable, but a series of engine and structural failures meant that these exciting new machines saw only brief service before being re-worked to emerge as the D.VIII, sadly too late to make any impression on the war. Wenzl is shown here in combat with Sopwith Camels of 203 Sqn, assisted by Fokker D.VIIs, which served alongside the E.Vs of Jasta 6. The D.VII shown is that of Ltn d R Erich Just of Jasta 11, also based at Bernes.

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 Erich Lowenhardt was already the holder of the Knights Cross 1st and 2nd Class for acts of bravery even before becoming a pilot. After serving as an observer for a year, he was eventually posted to Jasta 10 in 1917 where he immediately began to score victories, sending down balloons and enemy aircraft at a fearsome rate. He was appointed Commander of Jasta 10 one week before his 21st birthday, making him one the youngest pilots to rise to such a rank in the German Army Air Service. He continued to increase his score steadily throughout 1917 and 1918, but was involved in a mid-air collision with a Jasta 11 aircraft on 10th August. Lowenhardt elected to abandon his aircraft, but his parachute failed to deploy and the young ace fell to his death. He flew a number of aircraft, but this yellow-fuselaged Fokker D.VII was his most distinctive and is believed to be the aircraft in which he was killed. His final victory total was 54.

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Leading 30th Corps assault across the Seine at Vernon, 43rd Wessex Division gained an initial foothold on the east bank.  Heroic efforts however by the Royal Engineers of 71st, 72nd and 73rd Field Companies, succeeded in constructing a Class 9 Bailey bridge (David, shown left) and a Second Class 40 bridge (Goliath, shown right)  Despite constant enemy fire this amazing feat was achieved in only 2 days, and allowed 15/19th Hussars Cromwells and 4.7th Dragoons Guards Shermans to cross just in time to repulse a serious German counter attack by Tiger IIs of SS Panzer Abteilung 101.

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